It is extracted from fruit clip of the wild plant "Macleaya cordata (Willd.) R. Br", also called as "Pink Plumepoppy" in China. The whole plant contains many benzo-c-phenanthridine alkaloids: Sanguinarine (pseudochelerythrine), chelerythrine, protopine, α-Allocryptopine, β-Allocrytopine, bocconoline, sanguirtrine, oxysanguinarine, dehydroeicanthifoline, dehydroeicanthifoline, bocconoline, berberine, coptisine, corysamine etc.
The fruit clip has much higher content of alkaloids than other parts, especially the four alkloids "Sanguinarine (pseudochelerythrine), chelerythrine, protopine, α-Allocryptopine, β-Allocrytopine. Our Macleaya Cordata Extract (sulfate salt) is in orange yellow powder determinated by the sum of contents of Sanguinarine (pseudochelerythrine) and chelerythrine.
It is extracted from the plant “Sophora Flavescens Ait”, which medicinally mainly refers to the dried root of Sophora Flavescens Ait. Which is a plant in the family Leguminosae? And it has a few other names, including Sophora Flavescens radix, light yellow sophora root, Flavescent Sophora Root, Root of Light Yellow Sophora, Sophora Flavescens Root, and more. It is produced all over China and harvested during spring and autumn.
Sophora root mainly contains alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones, and triterpenoid saponins. Alkaloids contain Matrine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, sophoranol, sophoramine, etc. Flavonoids contain kushenol, kuraridin, kuraridinol, kurarinol, neokurarinol, norkurarinol, isokurarinone, kurarinone, and more. Triterpenoid saponins include sophoraflavoside Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, soyasaponin I, and so on. Quinones are kushequinone A and others.
osthole is a kind of coumarins in the Fructus Cnidii Extract, which is extracted from the seed (Fructus Cnidii)of the plant "Cnidium monnieri （L.）Cuss.". the main bioactivator compounds in Fructus Cnidii Extract are coumarins,which includes osthole, bergapten, isopimpinellin, columbianadin, archangelicin, edultin, O-acetylcolumianetin, O-isovalerycolumbianetin, cniforin A, xanthotoxol, xanthotoxin, imperatorin etc.
Angulatin also called as Celangulin is an active ingredient in Celastrus angulatua extract which is from root and stem bark of the plant" Celastrus angulatus Maxim." the main insecticidal activity in the Celastrus angulatua extract are from the β-dihydroagarofuran. which includes Celahin B, Celastrine A, Celahin D, Angulatin E, Angulatin A, Celangulatin C, Celangulatin XIX, Angulatin P, Angulatin H, Celangulin III etc.
Toosendanin is a triterpenoids extracted from the bark of the plant "Melia azedarach L" or the seed of the plant "Melia Toosendanin Sieb. et Zucc" the extract powder mainly contains Azedarachin, kulactone, kulolactone, kulinone, mcthyl kulonate, toosendanin etc.
Physcion is extracted from The Root of Rheum palmatum L. contains anthracene derivatives, stilbene derivatives, tannin compounds , organic acid compounds and volatile oils etc. The main bioactive components in in the Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Extract is anthracene derivatives, which includes aloe emodin,chrysaron,chrysophanol,emodin,isoernodin, laccaic acid, physcion, rhein,rheidin, palmidin,sennosides.